Skip to main content

Java Object - wait - notify - a practical example

Object is the super class of anything in Java. But, Most people fear the wait and notify methods in Object. The common java practitioner might not need to use these for all practical purposes. However, the fear is not because they are hard to understand, but because of the assumption and false notion (generally pushed from the *experts* to the newbies) that these are for *super users*. The easiest way to understand this is by example. Most examples include Produce Consumer, But in practice where is this applied?

Some time back I wrote about Commons Pooling. Ever wonder how an Object pool Implemention, like this one, would time out on a blocking call without creating a new thread on its own? It uses a wait - notify[All] paradigm.

To understand that Look at the source code of the said GenericObjectPool.

The borrowObject method (line 911 - so apt??) which optionally waits for a maxWait long secs, is used like
for (;;) {
 synchronized (this) {
  // Some Logic
  try {
   if (_maxWait <= 0) {
    wait();
   } else {
    final long elapsed = (System.currentTimeMillis() - starttime);
    final long waitTime = _maxWait - elapsed;
    if (waitTime > 0) {
     wait(waitTime);
    }
   }
  } catch (InterruptedException e) {
   Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
   throw e;
  }
  if (_maxWait > 0
    && ((System.currentTimeMillis() - starttime) >= _maxWait)) {
   throw new NoSuchElementException(
     "Timeout waiting for idle object");
  } else {
   continue; // keep looping
  }

 }
}

And the addObjectToPool method does the notify
if (decrementNumActive) { //Some condition
       synchronized(this) { //Sync the same object
           _numActive--;
           notifyAll(); // wakeup all threads waiting on *this*
       }
   }

So one method will call wait, (optionally with a with a wait time) and the other will notify. Note that it is the same object used (*this*). Here the producer is the addObjectToPool method and consumer is the borrowObject. Generally wait(*no time out*) is in a loop, wait with time out is a single flow. Both these are demostrated by the above example.

Popular posts from this blog

Javascript: Convert Strings to Binary (and representing in a nerdy way!)

I follow those GoogleDevelopers Videos . Sometime back, in one of the presentations on GoogleIO, there was this interesting string of dots at the bottom of each page of the presentation . They looked like random big and small dots. A similar bunch of dots were also on the T-shirt of a presenter was wearing in another presentation . While it seemed something in the pattern, I could not find what it was. Finally, another presenter cleared the matter that those dots are just binary representation of "GOOGLEIO" (So much for advertizing Google IO, Impressive!). So I wanna do it. Takes me back to days of those DSP classes at school. Nerdy me had to churn some old brain cells. I remember those first programming language classes in Pascal and C when you were asked to do fibonacci series and converting a binary string to ascii codes. That *experience* came handy here: Check it out! Text to Binarize: For those who came to copy the javascript code to convert string to binary,

MySql Copying Table Structures.

Some times you need to copy only table structures across databases. This article describes two ways of doing it. If the whole database schema need to be exported, mysqldump is very effective. A --nodata flag will dump all tables' schema. Like this. mysqldump --nodata -p -u username databaseName But if you want to copy a specific table, individually, you could use "create table like" feature. You could create it even from a different database. However it must be on the same mysqld instance. Like this. create table newtable like oldtable; --Or from a table in other database create table mytable like otherdatabase.tablename;

javascript maxlength for textarea with \r\n breaks in java (esp Firefox)

Textareas allow new lines to enter. These are represented by \n (1) or \r\n (2) characters. But when you save to DB you have a limit to certain length of chars. There is no maxlength attribute in HTML that will stop you from entering data. This is generally acomplished by Javascript. You do a onkeyup hook and stop event or trim after textarea.value.length > maxlength. There are many other solutions out there.. But.. Here is the problem that most of those solutions overlook, How do you deal with the count on \n and \r\n representations. Lets first see how it matters. If the text entered has new lines, the length is calculated differently in Firefox and IE. When you enter a Text like 01234 567890 You expect the textarea.value.length to be 11. (10 chars + new line).On the backend, however, java would recieve it as 12 chars (10 chars + \r\n) (this is irrespective of FF or IE). So you are effectively saving 12 chars to DB. Worse yet, IE seems to figure textarea.value.length as 12 (